Constructivism Explains What is The Greater Threat between Ethnic Conflicts and Terrorism

As a constructivist, I believe that ethnic conflicts are absolutely a greater threat than terrorism. Moreover, they are also the main reason to created terrorist groups. In fact, from 2014 to 2016, it has been a tumultuous period time in international affairs. Starting with the horrific bloodshed in Iraq, Syria, and Libya, the spreading power of Islamic State (IS) and the Al-Qaida in the Middle East, and the Nigeria’s militant Islamist group named Boko Haram. Indeed, these terrorist groups are all created by ethnic conflicts within their own borders; and they have given human so plenty impacts to be worried about.

The rise of the Al-Qaeda and IS with their idea of “Islamic State” is extremely insecure for the world. The IS and Al-Qaeda are two different terrorist groups, but they share the same radical idea and action. They are armed jihadist groups, which has become notorious for its brutality, including mass killings, abductions, and beheadings. They do not only bomb their own Muslim people but also attack Western countries who are allies with American in the process to destroy them. These groups had claimed for their attacks outside its territory, such as the attack on Charlie Hebdo magazine in Paris in 2015 by two al-Qaeda gunmen, which killed 17 Parisians, the Boston Marathon Bombing in 2013 which killed 3 American citizens and injured more than 250 joiners, the San Bernardino attack in American in 2015 which caused 14 deaths, the Orlando nightclub shooting in 2016, which caused 49 deaths.

By the same token, the Boko Haram – another terrorist group in Nigeria – which caused havoc in Africa’s most populous country through a wave of bombings, assassinations, and abductions, is fighting to overtake the government and create a new Islamic State. They kidnapped 200 female students on April 2014, forced them to convert to Islam and to marry Boko Haram’s members. Also, Boko Haram militants attacked in Baga, Nigeria in 2015, killing 150 to 200 people. This is the worst death toll for an attack carried out by Boko Hara. They have claimed their responsibility for dozens of attacks with deaths ranging from a few to hundreds of people over several years.

In addition, estimated of deaths in the Syrian Civil War vary about 312.000 to 470.000. Furthermore, UNICEF reported that over 500 children had been killed in Syria since early February 2012. Another 400 children were illegally arrested and tortured in Syrian prisons. By the end of 2014, more than 8000 children had been killed. As a result of the civil war itself, more than 450.000 people had died. This is strongly a heavy number.

In conclusion, terrorism is greatly dangerous to our world, but ethnic conflicts are even more serious. The Al-Qaeda, also IS members are not even more than 0.001% of the Muslim population, so I strongly believe that we can stop them. Indeed, focusing on the majority of peaceful Muslims, who want to live a joyful life, is a key to against terrorist groups and reunited ethnic groups. Together, we are stronger and more powerful than the losing-soul gunmen.



Works Cited

BBC News. (2016, November 24). Who Are Nigeria’s Boko Haram Islamist Group? Retrieved from

BBC News (2015, December 2). Who Is “Islamic State”? Retrieved from

CNN Library. (2016, December 22). Syrian Civil War Fast Facts. Retrieved from

Dr. Young. (2017, January 30). Lecture, Terrorism.

Ilich, Bobby, IBTimes, (2016, September 9). The United States After 9/11: How Many Major Terrorist Attacks Have There Been In America Since 2001? Retrieved from




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